Zinc (Zn) is an essential trace element which functions as a component of various enzymes in the maintenance of structural integrity of proteins and in the regulation of gene expression. The average adult body contains between 1.5 and 2.5 g of zinc with approximately 60% in the muscles, 30% in the bones and 6% in the skin. The highest concentrations of zinc are in the prostate gland and sperm in men, and in red and white blood cells. The retina of the eye, liver and kidneys also have high concentrations and there is some zinc in hair.
Zinc is an essential mineral for maintaining a healthy immune system and variety of other important body process. These include:-
- Brain development
- Protein synthesis
- Cell growth
- Proper function of hormones such as insulin, sex and growth hormones
- Prevention of infections
- Wound healing
- Helps the body utilize vitamins, such as E and A.