Magnesium plays an essential role in a range of biochemical and physiological processes.
The human body contains about 25 grams of Magnesium from which 50-60% is in the skeleton and 25-30% in muscle. One third of skeletal magnesium is exchangeable and it is this fraction that may serve as a reservoir for maintaining a normal extracellular Magnesium concentration.
- It is required for both anaerobic and aerobic energy generation
- ATP and ADP complexes of Magnesium participate as the substrate for the phosphate transfer reaction
- Magnesium is essential for protein synthesis in replicating cells
- A Principal mineral of bones
- Is required as cofactor for over 300 enzyme systems
- Magnesium deficiency has been linked to : -
- Several cardiovascular diseases including high blood pressure
- Abnormalities in neuromuscular and gastrointestinal symptoms
- Coronary heart vessel spasms
- Fatigue and sleep disorder
- Malabsorption syndromes
- Genetic disorders
- Endocrine disorders